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3. Artisanal and Small Gold Mining

Projects

Mercury Governance Project in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda

CEJAD is implementing a study project on "Mercury governance in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania" with financial support from International union conservation of nature ( IUCN NL). This project is aimed at investigating the sources mercury in Artisanal and Small scale Gold Mining in the region (Trade and supply). 

      Inventory and mapping of mercury use in Artisanal Small Scale Gold Mining (ASGM) sites in Migori          South Western, Kenya

    CEJAD in partnership with IPEN conducted a rapid inventory and mapping of mercury use in ASGM sites in Migori County, South Western Kenya under the “IPEN International Mercury Enabling Activities Programme (IMEAP)” to promote ratification and implementation of the Minamata Convention.

    Read More:

    The project involved the following activities:

    1. Documenting the use of mercury in ASGM in Migori County, South Western parts of Kenya:
    2. Promoting awareness creation on environmental and health problems associated with mercury use in ASGM in Kenya

    The project achieved the following results.

    1. Developed a report mercury hotspot profile (put link below to access) of the ASGM areas which included information on available/existing regulatory frameworks on mercury use in relation to protection of environment and compliance monitoring as well as challenges. The report is available online at:

    http://www.ipen.org/sites/default/files/documents/CEJAD%20IMEAP%20report%20final%20.pdf

    1. Developed a user friendly web-based interactive map of the ASGM areas in Migori County.
    2. Produced a video documentary of the prevailing conditions in the gold mining areas of Osiri, Macalder, Mikei and Masara in Migori County for media outreach. The video can be accessed online at:
    3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dN8buXVY5z4

     

    Formalization and Stimulating Effective Alliances and Networking for Artisanal and Small-Scale Miners (ASM) in East Africa

    CEJAD has been instrumental in promoting the formalization of the ASGM 

    sector in Kenya. In 2015, CEJAD collaborated with Community Action for Nature Conservation (CANCO) to pioneer an initiative whose aim was to facilitate the formation of Artisanal and Small Scale miners association in Kenya.

    Under the project “Stimulating Effective Alliances and Networking for Artisanal and Small-Scale Miners (ASM) in East Africa” implemented by CANCO, CEJAD mobilized miners across all the gold mining areas of Migori, Siaya, Kakamega, Vihiga in Western Kenya and facilitated the formation of a national miners association known as Artisanal Small Scale Miners Network (ASMINET). The network is chaired by miner representative from MICODEPRO in Migori County.

    The miners’ network/association is promoting collective action as well as effective representation, collaboration and partnership of the miners in the National and County government and other stakeholders’ policy processes and activities such as operationalization of the Mining Act, 2016 spearheaded by the Mining Ministry.

     

    Global Mercury Hair Monitoring in Women of Child-Bearing Age in Migori County, Kenya in 2016

    CEJAD in partnership with IPEN conducted mercury in hair monitoring of women of child bearing age in ASGM sites in Migori, Kenya. The project aim was to:

    • Act as an impetus for Kenya to ratify the mercury treaty and reduce mercury pollution.
    • Contribute to establishing baseline to observe any future reductions in mercury among their populations as a result of mercury reduction measures put in place for ASGM in Kenya
    • Raise awareness among local communities, national media and decision-makers to promote the ratification and implementation of the Minamata Convention on Mercury.

    CEJAD conducted the following activities:

    • Field visits to gather hair samples and completion of survey questionnaires at the gold mining sites of Osiri, Mikei and Marara in Migori County, Kenya.
    • Conducted public release of the results in the media in Kenya through a press release and report back to the community on as well as a follow up with the respondents through community meetings and face to face meetings.
    • Developed and disseminated flyers including info graphics of the study results for community and stakeholder awareness available online at: http://cejadkenya.org/new-study-reveals-dangerous-levels-of-mercury-in-women-of-childbearing-age-across-global-regions/

    See report on the link below:

    CEJAD featured on National and International Media

    As a result of this project, CEJAD has continued to raise awareness on mercury pollution from ASGM in mainstream media in Kenya. The organization has been contacted by a number of international and conducted interviews on the media on mercury pollution from ASGM sector in Kenya. See links below of some of the media articles/TV features on the topic.

    Media

    Link

    Aljazeera TV

    https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/kenya-gold-miners-risk-lives-mercury-171204071445366.html

    China Global Television Network (CGTN) Africa

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y55OPHSEdWE

    Thomson Reuters Foundation

    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-kenya-women-goldmining/mercury-rising-gold-mining-takes-a-toxic-toll-on-kenyan-women-idUSKBN1H33C9

    Standard Newspaper

    https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2001255507/study-female-gold-diggers-at-risk-of-passing-mercury-to-unborn-babies

    K24 TV

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J8aCWisBgUI&t=15s

     

     

    Study on Economic Impact of Mercury Exposure in Artisanal and Small Scale Gold Mining in Kenya

    CEJAD participated in the IPEN communication project on the study of economic impact of mercury exposure from ASGM in Kenya. Specifically, the organization:

    CEJAD Contribution to the National Policy Processes and Projects to reduce Mercury Use in ASGM in Kenya

    CEJAD has been involved actively in the ongoing national policy processes and activities in the ASGM sector in Kenya. In this regard, the organization is working with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, the Minamata Focal Point and the Ministry of Mining in policy activities and processes of the sector. These include:

    • Mercury Initial Assessment (MIA) Project – the project was implemented by Ministry of Environment and Forestry in 2016 where CEJAD actively contributed on the development of Mercury Inventory and acted as a co-lead agency with Ministry of Mining on the ASGM component. CEJAD was also a member of the project steering committee
    • Development of a National Action Plan (NAP) for ASGM in Kenya - In line with article 7 of the Minamata Convention, the government of Kenya through the Ministry of Environment is implementing a GEF project to develop ASGM NAP for Kenya. CEJAD participated in the project inception workshop and training for development of baseline estimates of mercury use organized by Ministry of Environment and the Africa Institute, the project executing agency.
    • Global opportunities for long term development of the ASGM sector (GOLD - CHILD) project for Kenya – CEJAD contributed to the development of the project and participated in the national activities on the project formulation organized by Ministry of Environment and UNDP, the project implementing agency. CEJAD is listed as one of the implementing partners for the project in Kenya. The project implementation is expected to start late 2018.