POPs are organic, natural and anthropogenic compounds which are persistent in nature. Most of them are pesticides while others are industrial chemicals and by products such as POPs have been identified by the world community as dangerous to health and environment and therefore requiring urgent and immediate action at national, regional and global levels.
The biggest problem with POPs in that they:
- Have high toxicity to man and animals
- Resist degradation in the environment
- Are not easily soluble
- Are highly soluble in animal fat (e.g. fish, meat)
- Bio-accumulate in fatty tissues
- Are highly mobile in regional and global environment.
The Stockholm Convention on POPs is a global treaty signed by 151 States and regional economic integration organizations with the objective to protect human health and the environment from POPs.
In 2009, delegates at Stockholm Convention 4th Conference of the Parties (COP4) agreed to list commercial PentaBDE and OctaBDE in Annex A for global elimination (Stockholm Convention 2009). Brominated flame retardants (PBDEs) have been widely added to foam and plastics used consumer and electronic products.
CEJAD’s work on POPs aims to:
- Carry out monitoring of POPs in consumer and electronic products to alert decision makers about their negative impacts to human health and environment.
- Create awareness among Kenyan public to eliminate practices that contribute to unintentional releases of POPs into the environment.
Promote application of best available techniques and best environmental practices (BAT/BEPs) that substitute practices that release unintentional POPs such as open burning of waste.