For immediate release: Nairobi, 19th April 2017
Recycling contaminates plastic children’s toys with toxic chemicals from electronic waste
A new global survey finds that recycling plastics containing toxic flame retardant chemicals found in electronic waste results in contamination of the world’s best-selling toy along with other children’s products. Ironically, the chemical contaminants can damage the nervous system and reduce intellectual capacity but are found in Rubik’s Cubes – a puzzle toy designed to exercise the mind.
The study was performed by IPEN (a global civil society network), Arnika (an environmental organization in the Czech Republic) and Centre for Environment Justice and Development (CEJAD). The toxic chemicals, OctaBDE, DecaBDE, and HBCD, are used in the plastic casings of electronic products and if they are not removed, they are carried into new products when the plastic is recycled.1 The survey of products from 26 countries, including Kenya, found that 90% of the samples contained OctaBDE or DecaBDE. Nearly half of them (43%) contained HBCD. In Kenya, CEJAD purchased 7 rubik’s cube-like toys and sent them for analysis to the Czech Republic. Three samples were chosen for laboratory tests. The analysis found that all three samples contained OctaBDE and DecaBDE at elevated concentrations. One of the samples contained also HBCD at concentration which is far beyond protective levels. These chemicals are persistent and known to harm the reproductive system and disrupt hormone systems, adversely impacting intelligence, attention, learning and memory.
“Toxic chemicals in electronic waste should not be present in children’s toys,” said Griffins Ochieng, Programmes Co-ordinator, CEJAD. “This problem needs to be addressed globally and nationally.” added Mr. Ochieng.
The study emerges just a few days before the global Conference of the Parties to the Stockholm Convention in Geneva, Switzerland (23-28, April 2017) which will decide whether to continue allowing the recycling of materials containing OctaBDE and possibly make a new recycling exemption for DecaBDE. The treaty’s expert committee has warned against the practice.
“Recycling materials that contain toxic chemicals contaminates new products, continues exposure, and undermines the credibility of recycling, “said Joe DiGangi, IPEN. “Governments should end this harmful loophole.”
Another critical decision of the Stockholm Convention Conference will be to establish hazardous waste limits. Protective hazardous waste limits would make wastes subject to the treaty’s obligations for destruction – and not permit their recycling. Surprisingly, some of the toxic chemical levels in children’s products in this study exceeded proposed hazardous waste limits. One of tested cubes purchased in Kenya exceeded the proposed waste limit of 50 ppm for PBDEs/OctaBDE and another cube exceeded proposed waste limit of 100 ppm for HBCD. The cubes contained 226 ppm OctaBDE and 1280 ppm HBCD respectively.
1 OctaBDE = Octabromodiphenyl ether (globally banned by the Stockholm Convention); DecaBDE = Decabromodiphenyl ether (proposed for global ban under the Stockholm Convention); and HBCD = hexabromocyclododecane (globally banned by the Stockholm Convention)
“We need protective hazardous waste limits,” said Jitka Strakova, Arnika. “Weak standards mean toxic products and dirty recycling, which often takes place in low and middle income countries and spreads poisons from recycling sites into our homes and bodies. “
The application of strict hazardous limits is also critical for brominated flame retardants due to their presence in e-waste. In many countries, the Stockholm Convention standards will be the only global regulatory tool that can be used to prevent import and export of these contaminated wastes, in many cases from countries with stricter legislation to countries with weaker legislation or control.
IPEN is a network of public interest non-governmental organizations working in more than 100 countries to reduce and eliminate the harm to human health and the environment from toxic chemicals. Arnika and CEJAD are active participating organizations of IPEN. www.ipen.org twitter: @ToxicsFree
Arnika is a Czech NGO that seeks to promote public participation in environmental decision-making processes, reduce toxic substances and wastes, and protect biodiversity. www.arnika.org, www.english.arnika.org
For more information, please contact: Griffins Ochieng, Tel: +254 726 931318 or Email: email@example.com.
CEJAD is a not for profit Non-Governmental Organization that focuses on promoting chemicals safety and sustainable development in Kenya and is a participating organization of the International POPs Elimination Network (IPEN). Website: www.cejadkenya.org Twitter: @cejadkenya
The report available at: downloads page